The highlands are of volcanic origin. The landscape is dominated by mountains and rice fields because of
the region. The landscape is somewhat monotonous and covered with grass, eucalyptus and pine. Laterite
and washy soils are the most common.
The South: Southern Madagascar is known as the spine area, because of its unique landscape with nature.
Here grow various succulent plants. These plants do not need almost no water and yet can still handle the
heat. Here, rainfall is very insufficient, because it rains only two months per year at most, unlike in the
East, more than five months during the rainy season. The region is rich in mineral resources with native
plants and beautiful wild beaches. The region is known as the semi-desert of Madagascar.
The North: This part of Madagascar is a hot region. It is warm almost all year. The region is characterized
by the mountain of Tsaratanana whose summit Maromokotro, rises to over 2800m above sea level.
The West: The landscape is marked by the steppes. The area is rather dry, but it has a very large number of
endemic plants such as various kinds of baobabs. The forests are dry.
The East: To the east are the rest of tropical forests. The region is very fertile thanks to rainfall adequacy.
Here grow many tropical plants. The region stretches from the north-east to the south- east of the island.
Most of the national parks and the nature reserves with tropical forests are found in this region.
Madagascar has two seasons: a hot rainy season (summer) from November to April and a cool dry season
(winter) from May to October. During the rainy season, the coast, in particular, is hit by cyclones that cause
Madagascar isn’t exactly a luxurious destination. However, your understanding and flexibility will facilitate
the stay. We will make an effort to make your trip smooth and comfortable for your well- being.
Entry into territory of Madagascar:
The visa can be applied in the Malagasy embassies in Europe and issued upon arrival at the airport of
Antananarivo against visitor’s tax.
As in countries all over the world, it is wise to be cautious with its own valuables.
The local currency is the "Ariary” (MGA). Previously, the Malagasy franc (FMG). Nevertheless, there are still
people who are not accustomed to the use of Ariary yet and uses Malagasy franc in commerce. Therefore,
it would be advisable to ask before paying if the price is in MGA or MGF. Madagascar was under French
colonial rule, so the prices follow it, especially in hotels where we calculate the price in Euro. In some
stores, it is possible to pay in Euro. This also applies with VISA. But with Master Card, there are often
difficulties. The operation could take several hours or even days.
The voltage is 220 V. In general; cities and villages are supplied with electricity. Otherwise, candles or oil
lamps are used by the natives. For television and radio, they use batteries. For this reason, many hotels are
supplied with electricity using a generator. The charge of batteries and cell phones must be managed
optimally (you must be economical with electricity as to charging. The use of solar panels is in operation,
but households cannot afford). In all hotels, there is electricity produced by a generator or a solar panel, so
that its use is limited in time. Therefore, it is worth taking a flashlight that can be particularly useful at
Time difference between France and Madagascar is two hours in winter and an hour in summer.
Es ist sehr zu empfehlen, eine Taschenlampe mitzubringen.
With regard to malaria prophylaxis, you should contact your doctor. Insect repellent is recommended
anyway. Almost all hotels use mosquito net except the highlands.